This entire study is predicated on the false binary of black-white racial identification. It utterly ignores the role of "brown" or Hispanics in the formula, to say nothing of attitudes towards Native Americans, East Asians, South-East Asians, Pacific Islanders, or Middle-Easterners. By perpetuating the false dichotomy of black-white race relations, the authors of the study are able to conflate multiple very different strands of tensions (such as open borders acceptance with "racism" - thus ignoring the "I got here legally, screw the illegals" phenomenon which has been attested to in plenty of studies of immigrants). This is shoddy research, however much it appeals to leftist narratives which blindly ascribe neo-liberal open-borders attitudes to non-racists and all other points of view as "racist" (. based on perceived "race").